Cybersecurity  ·  Cybersecurity Consulting

By employing hacking techniques, technical teams assess an organization’s current security posture to uncover vulnerabilities before cybercriminals exploit them. This proactive approach is a crucial component of a company’s cybersecurity strategy, complementing continuous monitoring and swift incident response efforts.

Performing a transfer on behalf of another customer in a financial company's mobile app. Uncovering a bug capable of disrupting or rendering a web page inaccessible via a denial-of-service (DoS) attack. Identifying breaches in user role validation within a hospital management application. Or gaining physical access to an office and retrieving documents from a printer. These examples merely scratch the surface of the extensive list of vulnerabilities and risks that can be uncovered through a security audit.

A security audit entails a thorough assessment of the risks and vulnerabilities present in an application, infrastructure, or system. Its aim is to evaluate the efficacy of existing security measures and recommend enhancements to bolster protection.

In addition to pinpointing security breaches and assessing maturity levels, audits play a crucial role in safeguarding assets and data, ensuring regulatory compliance, refining incident response protocols to mitigate impact, and fortifying cybersecurity strategies. This type of security analysis and risk assessment conducted by specialized professional teams offers a snapshot of the security posture of an organization, application, or IT system.

Other supplementary audits

While these audits are among the most common, there are other types of pentests that complement a company or public administration’s security analysis. For instance, Wi-Fi audits are conducted to identify entry points and deficiencies in configurations, ensuring that connections are well-protected and properly isolated to prevent unauthorized access and safeguard sensitive information. This precise issue occurred in several Asian hotels and the Mexico City subway’s free Wi-Fi network, where cybercriminals successfully obtained user data.

Audits of blockchain infrastructures are also conducted to ensure the integrity of smart contracts and decentralized applications.

In companies with advanced cybersecurity practices, more sophisticated techniques are employed. One such method is red teaming, where external teams simulate attacks to test the organization's defenses. They seek access points and attempt to penetrate as far as possible. Malware simulation is another advanced risk assessment technique. It involves designing customized malware to assess its potential impact. For instance, simulating a ransomware attack by encrypting data and sending a ransom note can gauge an organization's detection and response capabilities.

«A security audit serves to identify areas for improvement within a company, enabling the implementation of additional measures and the development of a robust cybersecurity strategy»

Manu Ginés, Director of the Security Audit Production Unit and Head of R+D+I at Sofistic

How is an audit performed?

Collect information


Identify vulnerabilities

Report findings and recommendations

Cybersecurity Trends Report 2024

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